Positive and Negative Effects of the Industrial RevolutionNegative Effects of FactoriesWorking in a factory was not something people wanted to do.Pollution, unsafe, dirty, long working hours, never any breaks.All of the coal that was used for power became smoke after use. Smoke was directed out of the factory and it would come out outside the factory. Many people got sick from pollution.Machinery very unsafe. Life threatening injuries.Factory not kept clean so illness was easy to catch. With everyone working in the same closed space, it was easy to contaminate others.Everyone cramped into small, hot space to work. The job did not pay well at all. Unskilled Labor - No real training needed.Child Labor. Cheaper to have children work and they were easier to control.Some jobs needed a small individual. They received no education. Stuck in factory for rest of life.No guarantee on job. Since it was unskilled labor, bosses could hire anyone from off the streets.No workman's compensation. Factory didn't pay for you and they didn't keep job secure.Positive Effects of FactoriesFactories had positive impact on Industrial Revolution.Assembly Line - Many people work on different task. When completed tasks are put together, there is a finished product.Made producing products a lot easier and faster.Mass Production - Creation of a lot of products in a short amount of time.Thanks to machinery, products can be made without as much money.Causes retail price of products to go down.Mass production also leads to an increased supply of goods. Greater accessibilityLiving Conditions of the Working ClassTenement - small living quarters for the working class during the Industrial Revolution.Extremely small and cramped. Up to 12 people living in tenement at one time.Many rooms with no windows so it was pitch black at night. Led to many injuries.Owners tried to make most out of tenements. Used attics and basements as living spaces.Unsanitary. Outhouses rarely cleaned so disgusting odors go into tenements. Sewage and dirt caused many diseases. Easily spread.Many injuries. Stairs were steep and dark thanks to no windows. Easy to fall down.
Positive and Negative Effects of the Industrial RevolutionIntroduction to the Industrial RevolutionEngland is first to industrializeAgricultural Revolution - farming became easier. Not as many people needed for farming.People need employment so England's population grew. Also meant more consumers. Natural resources. Water and Coal - power. Iron ore - machinery. Rivers - inland transportation. Harbors - ships to sail.Expanding Economy. Investments in new creations.Government approves. Thought it made country better.Laws encouraging and helping businesses.Political Stability-No wars on English soil.England's natural resources, such as iron for machines and coal for power, were a main reason as to why they were the first to industrializeChildren for labor because they are cheap and have small bodies.The machinery during the Industrial Revolution was unsafe. If you got hurt, the factory would not do anything for you. Most likely lost your job.Extreme temperatures.Winter - Cold drafts get into buildings.Summer - Sweltering heat. Turned brick tenements into brick ovens. Many people slept outside to cool themselves down. Modern housing similar to tenements.Poor upkeep, a lot of crime and violence, construction designed to fit as many people as possible in one place with reasonable living conditions.Factories are the reason that we have so many of one product. Thanks to mass production and the assembly line, multiple items can be made in a short amount of time. Also, machines make it cheaper to make things so there is an increase of supply and there is a lot
more accessibility to the item.New Movements and IdeasLaws of economics - people work for own good, competition forces people to make better products, and goods be produced at lowest price to meet demand of consumers.People arguing about how big a role the government should play in businesses.Capitalism - government should have no control over people's businesses.Communism - government should control all businesses.Socialism - in the middle of communism and capitalism. Government should have some role, but not all.Utopian Idea. Robert Owen decided to make better working conditions for his workers. Hoped it would attract more workers.Marxism. Karl Marx believed in communism. Though the Industrial Revolution enriched wealthy and impoverished poor.Predicted that workers would overthrow owners and they would take control of society.New Movements and Ideas (Continued)Reform Laws - helped out with abuses in industrialization and with the poor working conditions.Children - Under 9 : Can't work. 9 - 12 : Maximum of 8 hours. 13 - 17 : Maximum of 12 hours.People met together to negotiate better conditions and higher wages. This is known as a Union.If owners refused demands, workers would strike and refuse to work.Skilled workers best with negotiating because businesses didn't want to lose them.All of the growth in population led to Urbanization.Good and Bad. Good - Abundance of workers, new departments that are essential created to help out. Bad - Overpopulation which meant lack of jobs and food. New departments (fire and police) created. Costs a lot of money and this was just one more thing the government had to deal with.This is Karl Marx. He is the one who thought of communism. He thought that the Industrial Revolution was just helping the rich and hurting the poor. He predicted that the workers would rise up against the owners and take control of the economy.Capitalism vs. CommunismBig question on everyone's mind. "How big of a rolw should the government play in businesses?"Capitalism - Government should NOT regulate. It should all be up to the people running the business.Communism - Government should step in. SHOULD be able to regulate.Capitalism and Communism are TOTAL opposites.Adam Smith - Capitalism. Karl Marx - CommunismCapitalism believes there should be competition of businesses. Forces businesses to make their products better. Can't do this if all businesses run by government. Also, individual is more important. Capitalism also means that there is an inequality of wealth. Some jobs pay more than others.Communism - Since the government runs everything, bosses can't mistreat their workers. Now owners can't just use poor conditions to make more money for themselves. Communism believes that the community is more important. Everyone's equality is valued. People don't get paid by what they do. They get paid by what they need.Positives vs. NegativesIn my opinion, the positives of the Industrial Revolution outweigh the negatives. The Industrial Revolution led to everything that we have today. Everything that we use throughout our daily lives are thanks to manufacturing. How would we ever have been able to put a man on the moon or get from one point to the other without the things that came from the Industrial Revolution. Of course, the negatives were very brutal, but luckily we were able to straighten things out for the most part. The Industrial Revolution opened up the door for manufacturing and industrialization everywhere and is the reason our economy is the way it is today.
Alex EdelsteinMr. MiskimonWorld Histroy/pd. 4 11/11/13Full transcript